Home » Grammar » Currently Reading:

Grammar: Simple Past Tense

November 17, 2014 Grammar No Comments

TOPIC: Grammar Point – Simple Past Tense

 

GOAL: To review the simple past tense and irregular verbs

 

Level: Medium

 

 

Exercise #1: Read about the structure and use of the simple past tense

 

The simple past tense is sometimes called the preterite tense. We can use several tenses to talk about the past, but the simple past tense is the one we use most often.

-         The structure for positive sentences in the simple past tense is:

subject + main verb (past)

-         The structure for negative sentences in the simple past tense is:

subject + auxiliary verb + not + main verb (base form)

-         The structure for question sentences in the simple past tense is:

auxiliary verb + subject + main verb (base form)

The auxiliary verb did is not conjugated. It is the same for all persons (I did, you did, he did etc). And the base form and past form do not change. Look at these examples with the main verbs fly, study and review:

  Subject Auxiliary verb   Main verb  
           
Affirmative I     flew to Paris yesterday.
Negative She did not study the flight manual.
Interrogative Did you   review the checklist?.
           
           

The verb to be is different. We conjugate the verb to be (I was, you were, he/she/it was, we were, they were); and we do not use an auxiliary for negative and question sentences. To make a question, we exchange the subject and verb.

Look at these examples:

  Subject Main verb    
         
Affirmative I, he/she/it

 

 

You, we, they

was

 

 

were

  a captain.

 

 

late for the flight.

Negative I, he/she/it

 

 

You, we, they

was

 

 

were

not

 

 

not

ready for the trip.

 

 

happy about the weather forecast.

Interrogative Was

 

 

Were

I, he/she/it

 

 

you, we, they

  a first officer?

Exercise #2: Read about the difference between regular and irregular verbs.

Verbs are an essential part of the English language and we literally have hundreds of them available for our use. However, we you must understand there are two main types of verbs: regular and irregular and each category has its own unique characteristics.

With regular verbs, the rule is simple…

The past simple and past participle always ends in -ed:

  • finish – finished – finished
  • stop – stopped -stopped
  • work -worked -worked

But with irregular verbs, there is no rule…

  • Sometimes the verb changes completely: sing -sang -sung
  • Sometimes there is “half” a change: buy -bought -bought
  • Sometimes there is no change: cut –cut – cut

If in doubt, a good dictionary can tell you if a verb is regular or irregular.

It is wise to review the irregular verbs in detail. There are many of them, so the best method is to memorize them a few at a time.

Exercise #3: After reviewing the irregular verbs, practice using them in this short exam.

In the space provided, write the proper form of the irregular verb named in parentheses after the space. Either a simple past or a participle form of the verb will be required. (Don't write more than one word in each space.)

Last week, we _____ (to swim) in the Pacific Ocean, during an overnight trip to Acapulco. During the trip, we visited a site where an old ship had ______ (to sink). We ____(to ride) bikes in the park and Bobby  _____(to lead) us to some famous cliffs where we ____ (to dive) off the rocks into the cold water. It  ______(to be) late in the season and we  ______(to wear) our bathing suits.

We ____(to fly) to Vancouver the next morning. The weather forecast was not good, so we____  (to choose) to fly an alternate route, and_____ (to run) south of an approaching line of thunderstorms. As we ____(to go) around the bad weather, the turbulence ______ (to begin) to increase. After a request, we_____ (to get) clearance to descend to a lower altitude where smoother air was ____(to find). Eventually, we arrived at Vancouver and Bobby commented that his grandchildren had _____(to grow) up there and he hadn't  ______(to see) them in a few months. He hadn't _____(to write) to them or  ________(to speak) on the phone with them either. After we collected our luggage, he _____(to drive) to their home to surprise them. He _____(to take) his time walking up the driveway, and then he _____(to ring) the doorbell. They _____(to had) a great evening together!

Comment on this Article:







Login Status

You are not currently logged in.






» Register
» Lost your Password?

Categories

  • No categories

Connect to Us

Facebook Twitter Youtube Linkedin

Featured Posts

Interesting Airline Brands

virgin-america-airbus-a320

Interesting Airline Brands   According to a survey conducted, Virgin Atlantic emerged as the best airline brand for 2009, with British Airways tailing closely. Some of the other names that came on top in various categories include brands like Emirates, Singapore Airlines, EasyJet, Qatar Airways, BMI and Swiss International. These …

Parts of an Aircraft

Parts-of-Plane3

TOPIC: Parts of an Aircraft GOAL: To learn the major parts of an aircraft by location and function Level: Easy 1. Read about the various major parts of an airplane, then proceed to Step 2 Although there are many aircraft designs flying today, most of them share a common assembly …

Meteorology

plane-pic

TOPIC: Meteorology   GOAL: To learn about aviation meteorology and its role in aviation safety   Exercise #1: Read about aviation meteorology and then proceed to Exercise #2 Meteorology is the interdisciplinary scientific study of the atmosphere that focuses on weather processes and short term forecasting (in contrast with climatology). …

Flight Attendant Interviews

shutterstock_1638553

Flight Attendant Interviews Aim Practice English skills in an aviation context Learn some interview skills and gain confidence Have fun! Do you know anyone who breezes through interviews without a hint of nervousness?  Wouldn’t that be great?  Unfortunately, it’s rare!  Most of us get nervous just thinking about it, and …

Fire

Aircraft fire

TOPIC: Fires   GOAL: To learn Aviation English vocabulary related to the dangers of aircraft fires and their causes.     Exercise #1: Read about aircraft fires, and then proceed to Exercise #2 Perhaps few things are as scary as an aircraft fire. They are serious business because, unlike an …

Powered by WishList Member - Membership Software